Is there a conflict between science and religion?
Many people today believe that there is a conflict between science and religion. A scientific world view is seen as incompatible with Christian faith. Rudolph Bultmann, an influential early 20th century Protestant theologian, said that traditional supernaturalistic Christian belief is ‘impossible in this age of electric light and the wireless’. Although there is no obvious reason why electric light or wireless communication should make religious belief implausible, Bultmann seems to be alluding to the fact that there is a tension between God and the world of science and technology.
But when you take a closer look at science, it is difficult to see exactly what it is that should be incompatible with belief in God or the supernatural. Physics is often used in arguments for the existence of God, either because it is held that the Big Bang requires a cause or because of the strangely fine-tuned nature of the universe. The theory of evolution does not exclude supernatural creative activity, and neuroscience and psychology haven’t yet disproven the existence of the soul. Also the fact that many prominent scientists are religious believers gives us reason to believe that the alleged conflict between science and religion is in fact illusory.